radha shyamasundar

Sri Syamananda Goswami avirbhava tithi – Friday, April 19, 2019

Srila Prabhupada explains the unique position of Sri Syamananda Goswami.

Sri Chaitanya-Charitamrita : Adi 1.19 : Purport :

Lord Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu explained this mode of devotional service in three stages, and therefore these worshipable Deities were installed in Vrindavana by different Goswamis. They are very dear to the Gaudiya Vaishnavas there, who visit the temples at least once a day. Besides the temples of these three Deities, many other temples have been established in Vrindavana, such as the temple of Radha-Damodara of Jiva Goswami, the temple of Shyamasundara of Shyamananda Goswami, the temple of Gokulananda of Lokanatha Goswami, and the temple of Radha-ramana of Gopala Bhatta Goswami. There are seven principal temples over four hundred years old that are the most important of the five thousand temples now existing in Vrindavana.

Sri Chaitanya-Charitamrita : Adi 7.45 : Purport :

There are many Vaishnava families in Bengal whose members, although not actually born brahmanas, act as acharyas by initiating disciples and offering the sacred thread as enjoined in the Vaishnava tantras. For example, in the families of Thakura Raghunandana Acharya, Thakura Krishnadasa, Navni Hoda and Rasikananda-deva (a disciple of Shyamananda Prabhu), the sacred thread ceremony is performed, as it is for the caste Goswamis, and this system has continued for the past three to four hundred years. Accepting disciples born in brahmana families, they are bona fide spiritual masters who have the facility to worship the shalagrama-shila, which is worshiped with the Deity. As of this writing, shalagrama-shila worship has not yet been introduced in our Krishna consciousness movement, but soon it will be introduced in all our temples as an essential function of arcana-marga (Deity worship).

Sri Chaitanya-Charitamrita : Adi 7.164 : Purport :

When Rupa Goswami and Sanatana Goswami went to Vrindavana, there was not a single temple, but by their preaching they were gradually able to construct various temples. Sanatana Goswami constructed the Madana-mohana temple, and Rupa Goswami constructed the Govindaji temple. Similarly, their nephew Jiva Goswami constructed the Radha-Damodara temple, Sri Gopala Bhatta Goswami constructed the Radha-ramana temple, Sri Lokanatha Goswami constructed the Gokulananda temple, and Shyamananda Goswami constructed the Shyamasundara temple. In this way, many temples were gradually constructed. For preaching, construction of temples is also necessary. The Goswamis not only engaged in writing books but also constructed temples because both are needed for preaching work. Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu wanted the cult of His sankirtana movement to spread all over the world. Now that the International Society for Krishna Consciousness has taken up this task of preaching the cult of Lord Chaitanya, its members should not only construct temples in every town and village of the globe but also distribute books that have already been written and further increase the number of books. Both distribution of books and construction of temples must continue side by side in parallel lines.

Sri Chaitanya-Charitamrita : Madhya 1.97 : Purport :

This Kshira-chora Gopinatha is situated about five miles away from the Baleshvara station on the Northeastern Railway, formerly known as the Bengal Mayapura Railway. This station is situated a few miles away from the famous Kargapura junction station. Sometimes the charge of the temple was given to Shyamasundara Adhikari from Gopivallabhapura, which lies on the border of the district of Medinipura. Shyamasundara Adhikari was a descendant of Rasikananda Murari, the chief disciple of Shyamananda Goswami.

Sri Chaitanya-Charitamrita : Madhya 4.12 : Purport :

There is a railway station named Baleshvara, and five miles to the west is the village of Remuna. The temple of Kshira-chora-gopinatha still exists in this village, and within the temple the samadhi tomb of Rasikananda Prabhu, the chief disciple of Shyamananda Goswami, can still be found.

Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita : Madhya 8.128 : Purport :

na sudrah bhagavad-bhaktas te 'pi bhagavatottamah sarva-varnesu te sudra ye na bhakta janardane:

One who is actually advanced in spiritual knowledge of Krishna is never a shudra, even though he may have been born in a shudra family. However, even if a vipra, or brahmana, is very expert in the six brahminical activities (pathana, pathana, yajana, yajana, dana, pratigraha) and is also well versed in the Vedic hymns, he cannot become a spiritual master unless he is a Vaishnava. But if one is born in the family of chandalas yet is well versed in Krishna consciousness, he can become a guru. These are the shastric injunctions, and strictly following these injunctions, Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, as a grhastha named Sri Vishwambhara, was initiated by a sannyasi-guru named Ishvara Puri. Similarly, Sri Nithyananda Prabhu was initiated by Madhavendra Puri, a sannyasi. According to others, however, He was initiated by Lakshmipathi Tirtha. Advaita Acharya, although a grhastha, was initiated by Madhavendra Puri, and Sri Rasikananda, although born in a brahmana family, was initiated by Sri Shyamananda Prabhu, who was not born in a caste brahmana family. There are many instances in which a born brahmana took initiation from a person who was not born in a brahmana family. The brahminical symptoms are explained in Srimad-Bhagavatam (7.11.35), wherein it is stated

yasya yal-laksanam proktam
pumso varnabhivyanjakam
yad anyatrapi drishyeta
tat tenaiva vinirdishet

If a person is born in a shudra family but has all the qualities of a spiritual master, he should be accepted not only as a brahmana but as a qualified spiritual master also. This is also the instruction of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Srila Bhaktisiddhanta  Sarasvati Thakura therefore introduced the sacred thread ceremony for all Vaishnavas according to the rules and regulations.

Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita : Madhya 24.330 : Purport :

samo damas tapah saucam
ksantir arjavam eva ca
jnanam vijnanam astikyam
brahma-karma svabhava-jam

Unless one is qualified with all these attributes, he cannot be accepted as a brahmana. It is not a question of simply taking birth in a brahmana family. In this regard, Srila Bhaktisiddhanta  Sarasvati Thakura remarks that Narottama dasa Thakura and Shyamananda Gosvami, although not born in brahmana families, are accepted as bona fide spiritual masters because they were brahmanas by qualification. Personalities like Sri Ganga-narayana, Ramakrishna and many others, who were actually born in brahmana families, accepted Narottama dasa Thakura and Shyamananda Gosvami as their spiritual masters.

Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita : Antya 5.88 : Purport :

To inundate the three worlds with nectar is the purpose of the pastimes of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. How this could be possible was exhibited by Srila Raghunatha Gosvami and later by Thakura Narottama dasa and Shyamananda Gosvami, who all represented the mercy of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Now that same mercy is overflooding the entire world through the Krishna consciousness movement. The present Krishna consciousness movement is nondifferent from the pastimes performed by Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu when He was personally present, for the same principles are being followed and the same actions performed without fail.

Sunday Feast Lecture – London, July 25, 1976 :

Prabhupada: Somebody fanning, and water also. (chants mangalacarana prayers) So Sri-Chaitanya-mano-bhishtam. Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's ambition or mission. Sri-Chaitanya-Mahaprabhu mano 'bhishtam sthapitam yena bhu-tale. His ambition was propagated or established by Srila Rupa Gosvami, Sanatana Gosvami. They were ministers in charge of the then Pathan government in Bengal and very learned scholar in Urdu and Sanskrit, but after meeting Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu at Ramakeli village in the district of Maldah in Bengal, North Bengal… That was supposed to be the capital of Nawab Hussain Shah. So then they joined to preach this sankirtana movement or Krishna consciousness movement. So their mission was to establish the Radha-Govinda Mandir, as many as possible. They first started in Vrindavana, Madana-mohana temple. Most Indians present here, they know. There are… [break] …temples in Vrindavana. There are five thousand temples in one small city of fifty thousand population, but the most important because they were established by the Gosvamis. Rupa, Sanatana, Bhatta Raghunatha, Sri Jiva, Gopala Bhatta, Dasa Raghunatha, the Six Gosvamis, direct disciple of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. The Sanatana Gosvami established first the Madana-mohana temple. Then Rupa Gosvami established Govindaji’s temple. Then Jiva Gosvami established Radha-Damodara temple, then… [break] …Gosvami established Radha-Madana-mohana temple. Shyamananda Gosvami, he established Shyamasundara temple. These are important temples.