kashishvara gosanira shishya–govinda gosani
govindera priya-sevaka tanra sama nashi
Govinda Gosani, the priest engaged in the service of Lord Govinda in Vrindavana, was a disciple of Kashishvara Gosani. There was no servant more dear to the Govinda Deity.
Kashishvara Gosani was one of the contemporaries of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu who was with the Lord in Jagannatha Puri. Also known as Kashishvara Pandita, he was a disciple of Ishvara Puri and son of Vasudeva Bhattacharya, who belonged to the dynasty of Kashjilala Kanu. His surname was Chaudhuri. His nephew, his sister's son, who was named Rudra Pandita, was the original priest of Vallabhapura, which is situated about onemile from the Sriramapura railway station in the village of Chatara. Installed there are the Deities of Radha-Govinda and Lord Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Kashishvara Gosani was a very strong man, and therefore when Lord Chaitanya visited the temple of Jagannatha, he used to protect the Lord from the crowds. Another of his duties was to distribute prasada to the devotees after kirtana.
Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura also visited this temple at Vallabhapura. At that time the person in charge was a Shaivite, Sri Shivachandra Chaudhuri, who was a descendant of Kashishvara Gosani's brother. In Vallabhapura there was a permanent arrangement to cook nine kilos of rice, vegetables and other foodstuffs, and near the village there is sufficient land, which belongs to the Deity, on which this rice was grown. Unfortunately, the descendants of Kashishvara Gosani's brother have sold a major portion of this land, and therefore the Deity worship has now been hampered.
It is said in the Gaura-ganoddesha-dipika that the servant of Krishna in Vrindavana named Bhringara descended as Kashishvara Gosani during the pastimes of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. In our householder life we also sometimes visited this temple of Vallabhapura and took prasada there at noon. The Deities of this temple, Sri Sri Radha-Govinda and the Gauranga vigraha, are extremely beautiful. Near Vallabhapura is another beautiful temple of Jagannatha. We sometimes used to take prasada in thisJagannatha temple also. These two temples are situated within a one mile-radius of the Sriramapura railway station, near Calcutta.
———–Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita – 1975 Edition : Cc. Adi-lila : Adi 8: The Author Receives the Orders of Krishna and Guru : Adi 8.66
Ishvara-Purira shishya—brahmachari kashishvara
Sri-govinda nama tanra priya anucara
Brahmachari Kashishvara was a disciple of Ishvara Puri, and Sri Govinda was another of his dear disciples.
Govinda was the personal servant of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. In the Gaura-ganoddesha-dipika, verse 137, it is stated that the servants formerly named Bhringara and Bhaṅgura in Vrindavana became Kashishvaraand Govinda in Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's pastimes. Govinda always engaged in the service of the Lord, even at great risk.
——Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita – 1975 Edition : Cc. Adi-lila : Adi 10: The Trunk, Branches and Sub-branches of the Chaitanya Tree : Adi 10.138
tanra siddhi-kale doṅhe tanra ajsha pasha
nilachale prabhu-sthane milila asiya
In the list of prominent devotees at Nilachala [JagannathaPuri], Kashishvara was the eighteenth and Govinda the nineteenth. They both came to see Chaitanya Mahaprabhu at Jagannatha Puri, being thus ordered by Ishvara Puri at the time of his passing away.
——–Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita – 1975 Edition : Cc. Adi-lila : Adi 10: The Trunk, Branches and Sub-branches of the Chaitanya Tree : Adi 10.139
gurura sambandhe manya kaila dunhakare
tanra ajsha mani seva dilena donhare
Both Kashishvara and Govinda were Godbrothers of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, and thus the Lord duly honored them as soon as they arrived. But because IshvaraPuri had ordered them to give Chaitanya Mahaprabhu personal service, the Lord accepted their service.
———–Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita – 1975 Edition : Cc. Adi-lila : Adi 10: The Trunk, Branches and Sub-branches of the Chaitanya Tree : Adi 10.140
anga-seva govindere dilena Ishvara
Jagannatha dekhite calena agekashishvara
Govinda cared for the body of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, whereas Kashishvara went in front of the Lord when He went to see Jagannatha in the temple.
——–Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita – 1975 Edition : Cc. Adi-lila : Adi 10: The Trunk, Branches and Sub-branches of the Chaitanya Tree : Adi 10.141
aparasha yaya gosani manushya-gahane
manushya ṭheli patha kare kashi balavane
When Chaitanya Mahaprabhu went to the temple of Jagannatha, Kashishvara, being very strong, cleared the crowds aside with his hands so that Chaitanya Mahaprabhu could pass untouched.
———Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita – 1975 Edition : Cc. Adi-lila : Adi 10: The Trunk, Branches and Sub-branches of the Chaitanya Tree : Adi 10.142
jagadananda, bhagavan, govinda,kasishvara
paramananda-Puri, ara svarupa-damodara
Jagadananda,Bhagavan, Govinda, Kashishvara,Paramananda Puri and Svarupa Damodara were other devotees who also lived with the Lord.
——–Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita – 1975 Edition : Cc. Madhya-lila : Madhya 1: The Later Pastimes of Lord Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu : Madhya 1.253
kashishvara asibena saba tirtha dekhiya
prabhu-ajshaya mushi ainu toma-pade dhasha
"Kashishvara will also come here after visiting all the holy places. However, following the orders of my spiritual master, I have hastily come to be present at Your lotus feet."
——–Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita – 1975 Edition : Cc. Madhya-lila : Madhya 10: The Lord's Return to Jagannatha Puri : Madhya 10.134
eta shuni sarvabhauma prabhure puchila
Puri-gosani shudra-sevaka kanhe ta rakhila
After hearing this, Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya asked Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, "Why did Ishvara Puri keep a servant who comes from a shudra family?"
Both Kashishvara and Govinda were personal servants of Ishvara Puri. After Ishvara Puri's demise, Kashishvara went to visit all the holy places of India. Following the orders of his spiritual master, Govinda immediately went to Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu for shelter. Govinda came from a shudra family, but because he was initiated by Ishvara Puri, he was certainly a brahmana. Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya here asked Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu why Ishvara Puri accepted a disciple from a shudra family.
According to the smriti-shastra, which gives directions for the management of the varnashrama institution, a brahmana cannot accept a disciple from the lower castes. In other words, a kshatriya,vaishya or shudra cannot be accepted as a servant. If a spiritual master accepts such a person, he is contaminated. Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya therefore asked why Ishvara Puri accepted a servant or disciple born of a shudra family.
In answer to this question, Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu replied that His spiritual master, Ishvara Puri, was so empowered that he was as good as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. As such, IshvaraPuri was the spiritual master of the whole world. He was not a servant of any mundane rule or regulation. An empowered spiritual master like IshvaraPuri can bestow his mercy upon anyone, irrespective of caste or creed. The conclusion is that a spiritual master who is authorized and empowered by Krishna and his own guru should be considered as good as the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself. That is the verdict of Vishvanatha Chakravarthy: sakshad-dharitvenasha. An authorized spiritual master is as good as Hari, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. As Hari is free to act as He likes, the empowered spiritual master is also free. As Hari is not subject to mundane rules and regulations, the spiritual master empowered by Him is also not subject.According to the Chaitanya-charitamrita (Antya-lila 7.11), Krishna-shaktivina nahe tara pravartana.
An authorized spiritual master empowered by Krishna can spread the glories of the holy name of the Lord, for he has power of attorney from the Supreme Personality of Godhead. In the mundane world, anyone possessing his master's power of attorney can act on behalf of his master. Similarly, a spiritual master empowered by Krishna through his own bona fide spiritual master should be considered as good as the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself. That is the meaning of sakshad-dharitvena. Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu therefore describes the activities of the Supreme Personality of Godhead and the bona fide spiritual master as follows.
——-Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita – 1975 Edition : Cc. Madhya-lila : Madhya 10: The Lord's Return to Jagannatha Puri : Madhya 10.136