Sri Gadadhara Pandita

Sri Gadadhara Pandita tirobhava tithi – Friday, July 13, 2018

Srila Prabhupada presents the glories of Sri Gadadhara Pandita

gadadhara-panditadi–prabhura nija-sakti
tan'-sabara carane mora sahasra pranati

SYNONYMS
gadadhara-pandita-adi—headed by Sri Gadadhara Pandita; prabhura—of the Supreme Lord; nija-sakti—internal potencies; tan'-sabara—of all of them; carane—unto the lotus feet; mora—my; sahasra—thousands; pranati—respectful obeisances.

TRANSLATION
I offer my respectful obeisances unto the internal potencies of the Lord, of whom Sri Gadadhara Prabhu is the foremost.

(Sri Chaitanya-charitamrta – Adi 1.41)

advaita acarya, nityananda, srinivasa
gadadhara, damodara, murari, haridasa
ara yata caitanya-krsnera bhakta-gana
bhakti-bhave sire dhari sabara carana

SYNONYMS
advaita acarya—Advaita Acarya; nityananda—Lord Nityananda; srinivasa—Srivasa Pandita; gadadhara—Gadadhara Pandita; damodara—Svarupa Damodara; murari—Murari Gupta; haridasa—Haridasa Thakura; ara—other; yata—all; caitanya-krsnera—of Sri Krishna Chaitanya; bhakta-gana—devotees; bhakti-bhave—with a devotional attitude; sire—on my head; dhari—I take; sabara—of all of them; carana—the lotus feet.

TRANSLATION
Bowing down with devotion, I hold on my head the lotus feet of Advaita Acarya, Nityananda, Srivasa Pandita, Gadadhara, Svarupa Damodara, Murari Gupta, Haridasa and all the other devotees of Sri Krishna Chaitanya.

PURPORT
The author of Sri Chaitanya-charitamrta teaches us that we must offer our respectful obeisances to all such pure confidential devotees of Lord Chaitanya if we indeed want to know Him in truth.

(Sri Chaitanya-charitamrta – Adi 4.227-228)

gadadhara-panditadi prabhura 'sakti'-avatara
'antaranga-bhakta' kari' ganana yanhara

SYNONYMS
gadadhara—of the name Gadadhara; pandita—of the learned scholar; adi—headed by; prabhura—of the Lord; sakti—potency; avatara—incarnation; antaranga—very confidential; bhakta—devotee; kari'-accepting; ganana—counting; yanhara—of whom.

TRANSLATION
The devotees headed by Gadadhara Pandita are to be considered incarnations of the internal potency of the Lord. They are confidential devotees engaged in the service of the Lord.

PURPORT
In connection with verses sixteen and seventeen, Sri Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura explains in his Anubhasya: "There are specific symptoms by which the internal devotees and the unalloyed or pure devotees are to be known. All unalloyed devotees are sakti-tattvas, or potencies of the Lord. Some of them are situated in conjugal love and others in filial affection, fraternity and servitude. Certainly all of them are devotees, but by making a comparative study it is found that the devotees or potencies who are engaged in conjugal love are better situated than the others. Thus devotees who are in a relationship with the Supreme Personality of Godhead in conjugal love are considered to be the most confidential devotees of Lord Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Those who engage in the service of Lord Nityananda Prabhu and Lord Advaita Prabhu generally have relationships of parental love, fraternity, servitude and neutrality. When such devotees develop great attachment for Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, they too become situated within the intimate circle of devotees in conjugal love." This gradual development of devotional service is described by Sri Narottama dasa Thakura as follows:

gauranga balite habe pulaka sarira
hari hari balite nayane ba'be nira
ara kabe nitaicanda karuna karibe
saṁsara-vasana mora kabe tuccha habe

visaya chadiya kabe suddha habe mana
kabe hama heraba sri-vrndavana
rupa-raghunatha-pade ha-ibe akuti
kabe hama bujhaba sri-yugala-piriti

"When will there be eruptions on my body as soon as I chant the name of Lord Chaitanya, and when will there be incessant torrents of tears as soon as I chant the holy names Hare Krishna? When will Lord Nityananda be merciful toward me and free me from all desires for material enjoyment? When will my mind be completely freed from all contamination of desires for material pleasure? Only at that time will it be possible for me to understand Vrindavana. Only if I become attached to the instructions given by the six Gosvamis, headed by Rupa Gosvami and Raghunatha dasa Gosvami, will it be possible for me to understand the conjugal love of Radha and Krishna."

By attachment to the devotional service of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu one immediately comes to the ecstatic position. When he develops his love for Nityananda Prabhu he is freed from all attachment to the material world, and at that time he becomes eligible to understand the Lord's pastimes in Vrindavana. In that condition, when one develops his love for the six Gosvamis, he can understand the conjugal love between Radha and Krishna. These are the different stages of a pure devotee's promotion to conjugal love in the service of Radha and Krishna in an intimate relationship with Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

(Sri Chaitanya-charitamrta – Adi 7.17)

jaya jayadvaita acarya krpamaya
jaya jaya gadadhara pandita mahasaya

SYNONYMS
jaya jaya—all glories; advaita—unto Advaita Prabhu; acarya—teacher; krpamaya—very merciful; jaya jaya—all glories to; gadadhara—of the name Gadadhara; pandita—learned scholar; mahasaya—great personality.

TRANSLATION
Let me offer my respectful obeisances unto Advaita Acharya, who is very merciful, and also to that great personality Gadadhara Pandita, the learned scholar.

(Sri Chaitanya-charitamrta – Adi 8.3)

Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu called Pundarika Vidyanidhi "father," and He gave him the title Premanidhi. Pundarika Vidyanidhi later became the spiritual master of Gadadhara Pandita and an intimate friend of Svarupa Damodara's. Gadadhara Pandita at first misunderstood Pundarika Vidyanidhi to be an ordinary pounds-and-shillings man, but later, upon being corrected by Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, he became his disciple. Another incident in the life of Pundarika Vidyanidhi involves his criticizing the priest of the Jagannatha temple, for which Jagannatha Prabhu chastised him personally by slapping his cheeks. This is described in Sri Chaitanya-bhagavata, Antya-lila, Chapter Seven. Sri Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura informs us that there are still two living descendants of the family of Pundarika Vidyanidhi, who are named Sri Harakumara Smrtitirtha and Sri Krishnakinkara Vidyalankara. For further information one should refer to the dictionary known as Vaisnava-manjusa.

(Sri Chaitanya-charitamrta – Adi 10.14)

bada sakha,–gadadhara pandita-gosani
tenho laksmi-rupa, tanra sama keha nai

SYNONYMS
bada sakha—big branch; gadadhara pandita-gosani—the descendants or disciplic succession of Gadadhara Pandita; tenho—Gadadhara Pandita; laksmi-rupa—incarnation of the pleasure potency of Lord Krishna; tanra—his; sama—equal; keha—anyone; nai—there is none.

TRANSLATION
Gadadhara Pandita, the fourth branch, is described as an incarnation of the pleasure potency of Sri Krishna. No one, therefore, can equal him.

PURPORT
In the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika, verses 147 through 153, it is stated: "The pleasure potency of Sri Krishna formerly known as Vrindavanesvari is now personified in the form of Sri Gadadhara Pandita in the pastimes of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu." Sri Svarupa Damodara Gosvami has pointed out that in the shape of Laksmi, the pleasure potency of Krishna, she was formerly very dear to the Lord as Syamasundara-vallabha. The same Syamasundara-vallabha is now present as Gadadhara Pandita. Formerly, as Lalita-sakhi, she was always devoted to Srimati Radharani. In the Twelfth Chapter of this part of the Chaitanya-charitamrta there is a description of the descendants or disciplic succession of Gadadhara Pandita.

(Sri Chaitanya-charitamrta – Adi 10.15)

There is no information that Achyutananda ever married, but he is described as the biggest branch of the Advaita Acharya family. From a book named Sakha-nirnayamrta it is understood that Achyutananda was a disciple of Gadadhara and that he took shelter of Lord Chaitanya in Jagannatha Puri and engaged in devotional service. The Chaitanya-charitamrta, Adi-lila, Chapter Ten, states that Achyutananda, the son of Advaita Acharya, lived in Jagannatha Puri, taking shelter of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Gadadhara Pandita, in the last years of his life, also lived with Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu at Jagannatha Puri. There is no doubt, therefore, that Achyutananda was a disciple of Pandita Gadadhara. In the accounts of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's dancing in front of the car during the Ratha-yatra festival, Achyutananda's name is to be found many times. It is stated that in the party of Advaita Acharya from Santipura, Achyutananda was dancing and others were singing. At that time the boy was only six years old. The Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika, compiled by Sri Kavi-karnapura, has described Achyutananda as a disciple of Gadadhara Pandita and a great and dear devotee of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. According to the opinion of some, he was an incarnation of Karttikeya, the son of Lord Siva, and according to others he was formerly the gopi named Achyuta. The Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika has supported both these opinions. Another book, Narottama-vilasa, compiled by Sri Narahari dasa, mentions Achyutananda's presence during the festival at Khetari. According to Sri Narahari dasa, during the last days of his life Achyutananda stayed in his house at Santipura, but during the presence of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu he lived at Jagannatha Puri with Gadadhara Pandita.

(Sri Chaitanya-charitamrta – Adi 12.17)

Main Deities: Sri Tota Gopinatha graces the centre altar with Sri Radhika playing vina and Lalita sakhi playing flute on His left and right. Being deeply absorbed in syama-rasa – the mellow of satisfying all of Krishna’s conjugal desires – Radhika and Lalita-sakhi appear black. Holding Her kacchapi-vina, Srimati Radharani curiously stands in a three-fold bending form dancing in time with Her beloved syamam tri-bhanga-lalitam. The left altar features Lord Balaram with Revati and Varuni on His left and right. On right altar are Deities of Gaura-Gadadhara and Sri Sri Radha Madana-mohana installed by Mamu Thakura. He is the nephew of Sri Nilambara Chakravati, Lord Gauranga’s grandfather.

Deities at Tota Gopinatha temple
Sri Tota Gopinatha – Deities of Sri Gadadhara Pandita in Jagannatha Puri
 

Sri Tota Gopinatha temple
Sri Tota Gopinatha temple

Tota Gopinatha has such a charismatic bewitching quality that draws one to His darshana over and over again. Srila Vrindavana Thakura extols His power: “Even an extreme atheist will be changed upon seeing the Deity of Gopinatha.” At 7am during darshana time, upon request, the pujari can show a small golden streak on Gopinatha’s right knee where Mahaprabhu entered the Lord.

APPEARANCE OF SRI TOTA GOPINATHA
Gopinatha temple is situated in Sri Ksetra Jagannatha Puri Dhama in an area named Yamesvara Tota. When Lord Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu took sannyasa, He stayed at Jagannatha Puri Dhama for 18 years. Sri Gadadhara Pandita also came with Mahaprabhu. Most of Mahaprabhu’s other associates in Navadvipa remained in Bengal; they came to Puri only once in a year, for the four months of the rainy season, to attend the Lord Jagannatha Rathayatra and to see Lord Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. But Gadadhara Pandita couldn’t bear to be separated from the Lord, and the Lord couldn’t bear to be separated from Him. So He was permitted to stay with Mahaprabhu in Puri. Gadadhara Pandita resided here at Sri Tota Gopinatha Temple. While residing here in this peaceful garden of trees and creepers, Gadadhara Pandita recited Srimad-Bhagavatam every afternoon. Mahaprabhu attended regularly and heard recount the stories of Dhruva Maharaj and Prahlada Maharaj 100 times.

One day here, Sri Chaitanyadeva experienced immense separation from Lord Krishna. Crying out, “Where is My Prananatha,” Gauranga started digging the earth to search of His Lord. Feeling the carved stone mukuta of a murti below the ground, Gaurahari declared, “Gadai, I have found a most precious treasure here. Would you like to accept it?” Noticing the head of a murti emerging from the sand, Gadadhara helped Gauranga uncover a most beautiful Deity of Supreme Lord Sri Krishna.

Mahaprabhu named the Deity, Gopinatha, and because He appeared in this garden called tota in Oriya the devotees called Him, Tota Gopinatha. Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu gave the responsibility of Sri Tota Gopinatha’s service to His most dear Gadadhara Pandita, and also awarded Him ksetra-sannyasa.

Sri Tota Gopinatha Deity is very beautiful. Sri Vrindavana Dasa Thakura describes Sri Tota Gopinatha’s beauty in his Sri Chaitanya-Bhagavata as follows:

gadadhara bhavane mohana Gopinatha
achene, ye hena nanda-kumara saksat
apane Chaitanya tare kariyachena kole
ati pasandi-o se vigraha dekhe bhule
dekhi sri-murali mukha angera bhangima
nityananda ananda asura nahi sima

(Sri Chaitanya-Bhagavat Antya 7.114)

“In the house of Gadadhara there is most attractive Gopinatha. This Deity looks exactly like son of Nanda Himself is sitting there. Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu Himself had held Him in His lap. Even most atheistic person will be changed to see this Deity. By seeing the posture of the body and face with flute Lord Nityananda sheds tears of bliss limitlessly.”

Sri Chaitanya-charitamrta (Antya 7.166, 163-164) concludes,

panditera saujanya, brahmanyata-guna drdha prema-mudra loke karila khyapana

“Gadadhara Pandita is celebrated all over the world for his gentle behavior, his brahminical attributes, and his steady love for Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.”

panditera bhava-mudra kahana na yaya ‘gadadhara-prana-natha’ nama haila yaya

“No one can describe the characteristics and ecstatic love of Gadadhara Pandita. Therefore, another name for Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is Gadadhara-prananatha, ‘the life and soul of Gadadhara Pandita.’

pandite prabhura prasada kahana na yaya ‘gadaira gauranga’ bali’ yanre loke gaya

“No one can say how merciful the Lord is to Gadadhara Pandita, but people know the Lord as Gadaira Gauranga, ‘the Lord Gauranga of Gadadhara Pandita.'”
 

Sri Sri Gaura Gadadhara
Sri Sri Gaura Gadadhara at Campahatta. These Deities have been worshipped at Champahatta since the time of Mahaprabhu's lila
 

smara gaura-gadadhara keli kalam
bhava gaura-gadadhara paksa caram
srnu gaura-gadadhara caru katham
bhaja godruma-kanon kunja-vidhum   

"Remember Gaura-Gadadhara during the time of Their pastimes, Meditate on Gaura-Gadadhar, the Divine couple, the par-excellence of beauty. Hear beautiful discussions on the topics of Gaura-Gadadhara, and worship them in the forest grove of Godruma, bathed in the light of the moon." gadadhar pandit prabhu age bosi pare bhagavat – sudha dhale rasi rasi [B.R. 3/107]  After enacting His pastimes on this planet for forty-eight years, it was seen by witnesses that Sri Gaurasundara entered into the body of Sri Tota-Gopinathji, who was the Deity in Puri on the Nilachala beach served by Sri Gadadhara Pandita.

[By Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura]
 
Sri Gadadharastakam by Srila Svarupa Damodara Goswami:

Text 1
sva-bhakti-yoga-lasinam sada vraje viharinam
hari-priya-ganagragam sacisuta-priyesvaram
saradha-krsna-sevana-prakasakam mahasayam
bhajamy aham gadadharam supanditam gurum prabhum

I worship the greatly learned and exalted spiritual master, Srila Gadadhara Prabhu, who appears very splendid, engaged in the Lord's devotional service. He always performs pastimes in Vraja, where he is very prominent among the gopis, who are very dear to Lord Hari. Lord Chaitanya, the Son of Saci is the dear Lord of Gadadhara Prabhu, who is preaching the service of Radha and Krishna.

Text 2
navojjvaladi-bhavana-vidhana-karma-paragam
vicitra-gaura-bhakti-sindhu-ranga-bhanga-lasinam
suraga-marga-darsakam vrajadi-vasa-dayakam
bhajamy aham gadadharam supanditam gurum prabhum

I worship the greatly learned spiritual master, Srila Gadadhara Prabhu. He is expertly absorbed in meditation on the nine rasas of devotional service, beginning with ujjvala-rasa (conjugal love), and he dances in the waves of the amazing ocean of devotional service to Lord Chaitanya. He preaches the path of raganuga-bhakti (spontaneous devotional service), and He is a fit person to attain residence in the transcendental land of Vraja.

Text 3
sacisutanghri-sara-bhakta-vrnda-vandya-gauravam
gaura-bhava-citta-padma-madhya-krsna-vallabham
mukunda-gaura-rupinam svabhava-dharma-dayakam
bhajamy aham gadadharam supanditam gurum prabhum

I worship the greatly learned spiritual master, Srila Gadadhara Prabhu. The best of those who are devoted to the lotus feet of Lord Chaitanya, the Son of Saci-devi, offer respecful obeisances to him and treat him with great importance, and he is very dear to Lord Krishna, Who is seated in the middle of the lotus flower which is his heart, assuming His golden form of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. He preaches that Lord Mukunda has assumed the golden form of Lord Chaitanya, and he returns the living entities to their constitutional position as servants of the Lord.

Text 4
nikunja-sevanadika-prakasanaika-karanam
sada sakhi-rati-pradam maha-rasa-svarupakam
sadasritanghri-pankajam sariri-sad-gurum varam
bhajamy aham gadadharam supanditam gurum prabhum

I worship the greatly learned and exalted spiritual master, Srila Gadadhara Prabhu. It is only because of him that the truth of the exalted devotional service performed by the intimate associates of Krishna in the forests and groves of Vrindavana has been revealed. He is preaching the ecstatic love attained by the gopis, and he is indeed a personification of the mellows of devotional service. The saintly devotees take shelter of his lotus feet, and he teaches the truth of spiritual life to the living entities.

Text 5
mahaprabhor maha-rasa-prakasanankuram priyam
sada maha-rasankura-prakasanadi-vasanam
mahaprabhor vrajanganadi-bhava-moda-karakam
bhajamy aham gadadharam supanditam gurum prabhum

I worship the greatly learned spiritual master, Srila Gadadhara Prabhu. He is very dear to Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, and it is as if he had sprouted from the manifestation of the Lord`s ecstatic love. He is always adorned with the garments of ecstatic love of Godhead, and He delights Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu by arousing in the Lord the ecstatic emotional love experienced by the gopis of Vraja.

Text 6
dvijendra-vrnda-vandya-pada-yugma-bhakti-vardhakam
nijesu radhikatmata-vapuh-prakasanagraham
asesa-bhakti-sastra-siksayojjvalamrta-pradam
bhajamy aham gadadharam supanditam gurum prabhum

I worship the greatly learned spiritual master, Srila Gadadhara Prabhu, who expands the mellows of devotional service and whose lotus feet are worshipped by the kings of the brahmanas. Among his confidential associates, he reveals his actual form as Srimati Radharani. He distributes the nectar of the ecstatic mellow of the gopis' conjugal love, strictly following the instructions of all the devotional scriptures.

Text 7
muda nija-priyadika-svapada-padma-sindhubhir
maha-rasarnavamrta-pradesta-gaura-bhaktidam
sadasta-sattvikanvitam nijesta-bhakti-dayakam
bhajamy aham gadadharam supanditam gurum prabhum

I worship the greatly learned spiritual master, Srila Gadadhara Prabhu. With delight, he is giving the devotional service of Lord Chaitanya which reveals the nectarean ocean of the most exalted mellows of devotional service, along with the nectar flowing from the lotus feet of the gopis, headed by Srimati Radharani, who is most dear to Krishna. Gadadhara Prabhu is decorated with the eight transcendental ecstatic symptoms of sattvika-bhava,and he is distributing devotional service to his worshippable Lord Krishna.

Text 8
yadiya-riti-raga-ranga-bhanga-digdha-manaso
naro `api yati turnam eva narya-bhava-bhajanam
tam ujjvalakta-cittam etu citta-matta-satpado
bhajamy aham gadadharam supanditam gurum prabhum

I worship the greatly learned spiritual master, Srila Gadadhara Prabhu. Even a conditioned soul, whose mind becomes anointed by the colorful waves of spontaneous devotional service as delineated by Srila Gadadhara Prabhu, quickly attains the highest level of devotional service. He becomes like a maddened bumble bee whose mind is anointed with the mellow of ujjvala-rasa (conjugal love).

Text 9
maha-rasamrta-pradam sada gadadhara-astakam
pathet tu yah subhaktito vrajangana-ganotsavam
saci-tanuja-pada-padma-bhakti-ratna-yogyatam
labheta radhika-gadadharanghri-padma-sevaya

"These eight verses glorifying Srila Gadadhara Prabhu distribute the nectat of the most exalted mellow of devotional service, and they are like a festival for the gopis of Vraja. If one regularly reads these verses and serves the lotus feet of Srila Gadadhara Prabhu, who is an incarnation of Srimati Radharani, then he will become qualified to attain the jewel of pure devotional service for the lotus feet of Lord Chaitanya, the son of Sacidevi."
______________________________________________________________________________________________________

shri-radha-prema-rupa ya pura vrindavandeshvari  
sa shri-gadadharo gaura-vallabhah panditakhyakah
nirnitah shri-Svarupair yo vraja-lakshmitaya yatha
pura vrindavane lakshmih shyamasundara-vallabha
sadya gaura-prema-lakshmih shri-gadadhara-panditah
radham anugata yat tal lalitapy anuradhika
atah pravishad esha tam gaura-candrodaye yatha

The incarnation of love who previously was the queen of Vrindavan, Radha, is now the beloved of Gaura named Srila Gadadhara Pandita. Svarupa Damodar himself indicated that he was Vraja’s goddess of fortune, the Lakshmi who was previously the beloved of Shyamasundara in Vrindavan. She today has become the goddess of fortune of love for Gaura and is known as Srila Gadadhara Pandita. Lalita, who is also known as Anuradha, is Radha’s closest friend and confidante. She has also entered into Gadadhara, as was shown in the play Chaitanya-chandrodaya.  

(Gaura-ganoddesha-dipika 147-150)
 

 Sri Gadadhara Pandita reciting the Srimad-Bhagavatam
Sri Gadadhara Pandita reciting the Srimad-Bhagavatam to Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
 

Original handwriting of Sri Gadadhara Pandita
Original handwriting of Sri Gadadhara Pandiita
 

Bhagavad-gita copied by Sri Gadadhara Pandita
Bhagavad-gita copied by Sri Gadadhara Pandita
 

deity-of-lord-krishna-worn-by-gadadhara-pandita
Deity of Lord Krishna which Sri Gadadhara Pandita wore around his neck