Essay – Divinity of Lord Chaitanya
So Lord Chaitanya is non-different from Lord Krishna in the context of evidences gathered from the Vedas, Upanisads, Puranas, etc. and His acceptance of the renounced life of a sannyasi is confirmed both in Mahabharata and Srimad-Bhagavatam.
Essay – Divinity of Lord Chaitanya
So in pursuance of the prophecy of the authoritative scriptures as above mentioned, Sri Krishna Chaitanya, Who is no other than Sri Krishna Himself appeared in the midst of humanity as the son of Srila Jagannatha Misra and Srimati Sachi Devi of Sridhama Mayapur, Nadia in West Bengal in the year 1486 on the evening of February 1st when there was a lunar eclipse. He is in fact Sri Krishna in disguise to fulfil some specific purpose of His own as it is stated in the Mahabharata. The specific significance of this Form of the Personality of Godhead is stated therein that the complexion of His body shall represent the hue of melted gold. A well constituted beautifully built human figure anointed with the pulp of white sandalwood all over the body. And later on the same Personality of Godhead will accept the order of a renounced sannyasi full of sobriety of a perfect devotee, peaceful, full of equanimity and having unflinching attachment in the spiritual science with special reference to the process of chanting the holy name of God. He is therefore the Personality of Godhead in consonance of the prediction of sastras and not by the calculation of mundane speculators.
Essay – Divinity of Lord Chaitanya
"Let us offer our sincere most obeisances to the lotus feet of the Lord of Lords who superficially accepted the renounced life of a sannyasi, in order to give effect to the curse of a brahmana, upon Him. But in fact in the garb of a sannyasi He initiated the transcendental ecstasy of spontaneous love of God, as was felt by Sri Srimati Radharani in Her amorous desire to meet Sri Krishna. In the quest of such spontaneous love of God, the Lord relinquished the association of His eternal consort Sri Srimati Laksmi Visnupriya Devi who was devout to Him and whose mercy is sought after most ardently by all true devotees of God or even by the denizens of heaven. The Lord accepted this order of life in terms of a prediction in the Mahabharata and in order to bestow His causeless mercy upon us who are addicted to the false enjoyment of vain glories, women and wealth in this material world."
Essay on Chaitanya- charitamrta, Adi- lila, Chapter 3 [Handwritten]
Everywhere either in Bengal or in Orissa specially, He was held with the honour of the Supreme Lord and at home influential and important persons like Adwita Prabhu etc. were His constant servitors. As such He is described in the Mahabharata as the most respectable Personality. He is so approved by such stalwart educationist as Sarvabhouma Bhattacharya who has rightly seen Him. He estimated the identity of Lord Chaitanya as the Supreme Personality of Godhead and appeared Himself to propagate His own devotional service which became covered in course of time. He surrendered himself unto the lotus feet of the Lord as the bees hum over the lotus flower.
Essay on Chaitanya-charitamrta, Adi-lila, Chapter 3 [Handwritten]
The author now describes the signs and characteristics of the Lord when does He appear in the Age of Kali. From the evidences of revealed scriptures the author says that in the age of Kali, the principle function of the Lord is to preach the glory of Divine Name. For this transcendental preaching work only there is the advent of Lord Chaitanya's incarnation. The special feature of the body of the Lord is that the color of the body is that of molten-gold and it is strongly well-built. The voice of His throat is as grave as that of new clouds. A person is said to be an uncommon man, if he is as tall as four cubits equal in measurement of his own hand. Such a person is known as 'Nagrodha parimandala' The term 'Nagrodha parimandala' is description of a person who is not only as tall as to the length of four cubit measurement but he is so also in the measurement of the circumference of his chest round. He is no other than the Supreme Lord Himself who has encaged the conditioned souls by His own illusory energy. He is certainly the incarnation of Vishnu and nobody else. Lord Chaitanya's hand was as long as to reach the knees of his body with His eyes compared to the petals of a lotus flower. His stretch of the nose is as pointed as that of oil-seed flower and his face is as beautiful as that of the moon. He is calm and quiet and fully devoted to the loving service of Shri Krishna persistently, well-behaved with special favour for the devotees although He is equal to all living beings. His body is decorated with sandal pulp in hands and body and he is specially so decorated during the time of His dance in congregational chanting. All these special characteristics of the Lord have been duly described by Shri Vaishampayana Muni (of Mahabharata fame) in his composition of Thousand verses of the holy Names of God in which Lord Chaitanya's name is also included as follows in the Mahabharata. The transcendental activities of Lord Chaitanya can be divided into two parts. The first part is called beginning of the adventure and the last part is known as end of the adventure. In the Mahabharat Dan parba chapter. The characteristics of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is described as follows:- (Danparba 149.92.75)
"Lord Chaitanya during the beginning of His adventure will be observed by the following symptoms namely (1) His bodily color like molten gold. (2) Well and strongly built body (3) Golden hue and (4) Decorated with sandal pulp and garlands of flowers. And at the end of His adventure He is to be observed in the renounced order of life 'Sannyasam' grave in transcendental thought with a quality of equilibrium, fixed up in the matter of chanting the holy name of Lord and determined to put down the monistic giant in a peaceful movement of religious renaissance."
Letter to: Juggannath Babu, Calcutta 14 March, 1949
Yesterday evening when we were talking at your veranda we had some talks over the advent day of Lord Chaitanya which falls today the most auspicious Dol-yatra purnima day and as such I myself along with some members of my family today observing fast till the advent moment of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu just in the evening. Guru Maharaj Sastriji advised the members assembled yesterday to observe fast today and this is being done as a matter of course on the occasion of Gaura Jayanti day. I was so glad to hear from you that you know Lord Chaitanya as the incarnation of Godhead. Yes he is so and there are ample proofs of His being so in the different Sastras such as Mahabharata, Bhagavata, Upanisads and many other Puranas. So on the occasion of Lord Chaitanya's 463rd advent ceremony, I am taking this opportunity to remember about him which will help my vrata observed to-day. I hope you will not mind for intruding upon your time with this statement.
Sri Chaitanya-charitamrta: Adi 2.22
That Govinda personally appears as Chaitanya Gosani. No other Lord is as merciful in delivering the fallen souls.
Having described Govinda in terms of His Brahman and Paramatma features, now the author of Sri Chaitanya-charitamrta advances his argument to prove that Lord Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is the identical personality. The same Lord Sri Krishna, in the garb of a devotee of Sri Krishna, descended to this mortal world to reclaim the fallen human beings who had misunderstood the Personality of Godhead even after the explanation of the Bhagavad-gita. In the Bhagavad-gita the Personality of Godhead Sri Krishna directly instructed that the Supreme is a person. Impersonal Brahman is His glowing effulgence, the Paramatma is His partial representation, and all men are therefore advised to follow the path of Sri Krishna, leaving aside all mundane "isms." Offenders misunderstood this instruction, however, because of their poor fund of knowledge. Thus by His causeless, unlimited mercy Sri Krishna came again as Sri Chaitanya Gosani.
The author of Sri Chaitanya-charitamrta most emphatically stresses that Lord ChaitanyaMahaprabhu is Sri Krishna Himself. He is not an expansion of the prakasa or vilasa forms of Sri Krishna; He is the svayam-rupa, Govinda. Apart from the relevant scriptural evidence forwarded by Srila Krishnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami, there are innumerable other scriptural statements regarding Lord Chaitanya's being the Supreme Lord Himself. The following examples may be cited:
(1) From the Chaitanya Upanisad (5):
gaurah sarvatma maha-puruso mahatma maha-yogitri-gunatitah sattva-rupo bhaktim loke kasyati.
"Lord Gaura, who is the all-pervading Supersoul, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, appears as a great saint and powerful mystic who is above the three modes of nature and is the emblem of transcendental activity. He disseminates the cult of devotion throughout the world."
(2) From the Svetasvatara Upanisad:
tam isvaranam paramam mahesvaram
tam devatanam paramam ca daivatam
patim patinam paramam parastad
vidama devam bhuvanesam idyam
"O Supreme Lord, You are the Supreme Mahesvara, the worshipable Deity of all the demigods and the Supreme Lord of all lords. You are the controller of all controllers, the Personality of Godhead, the Lord of everything worshipable." (Svetasvatara Upanisad 6.7)
mahan prabhur vai purusah
su–nirmalam imam praptim
isano jyotir avyayah
"The Supreme Personality of Godhead is Mahaprabhu, who disseminates transcendental enlightenment. Just to be in touch with Him is to be in contact with the indestructible brahmajyoti." (Svetasvatara Upanisad 3.12)
(3) From the Mundaka Upanisad (3.1.3):
yada pasyah pasyate rukma–varnam
kartaram isam purusam brahma–yonim
"One who sees that golden-colored Personality of Godhead, the Supreme Lord, the supreme actor, who is the source of the Supreme Brahman, is liberated."
(4) From Srimad-Bhagavatam:
dhyeyam sada paribhava–ghnam abhista–doham
tirthaspadam siva–virinci–nutam saranyam
bhrtyarti-ham pranata-pala bhavabdhi–potam
vande maha-purusa te caranaravindam
"We offer our respectful obeisances unto the lotus feet of Him, the Lord, upon whom one should always meditate. He destroys insults to His devotees. He removes the distresses of His devotees and satisfies their desires. He, the abode of all holy places and the shelter of all sages, is worshipable by Lord Siva and Lord Brahma. He is the boat of the demigods for crossing the ocean of birth and death." (Srimad-Bhagavatam 11.5.33)
dharmistha arya–vacasa yad agad aranyam
maya–mrgam dayitayepsitam anvadhavad
vande maha-purusa te caranaravindam
"We offer our respectful obeisances unto the lotus feet of the Lord, upon whom one should always meditate. He left His householder life, leaving aside His eternal consort, whom even the denizens of heaven adore. He went into the forest to deliver the fallen souls, who are put into illusion by material energy." (Srimad-Bhagavatam 11.5.34)
lokan vibhavayasi hamsi jagat–pratipan
dharmam maha-purusa pasi yuganuvrttam
channah kalau yad abhavas tri–yugo 'tha sa tvam
"My Lord, You kill all the enemies of the world in Your multifarious incarnations in the families of men, animals, demigods, rsis, aquatics and so on. Thus You illuminate the worlds with transcendental knowledge. In the Age of Kali, O Mahapurusa, You sometimes appear in a covered incarnation. Therefore You are known as Tri-yuga [one who appears in only three yugas]." (Srimad-Bhagavatam 7.9.38)
(5) From the Krishna-yamala-tantra:
punya–ksetre navadvipe bhavisyami saci–sutah.
"I shallappear in the holy land of Navadvipa as the son of Sachidevi."
(6) From the Vayu Purana:
kalau sankirtanarambhe bhavisyami saci–sutah.
"In the Age ofKali when the sankirtana movement is inaugurated, I shall descend as the son of Sachidevi."
(7) From the Brahma-yamala-tantra:
atha vaham dharadhame
mayayam ca bhavisyami
"Sometimes I personally appear on the surface of the world in the garb of a devotee. Specifically, I appear as the son of Sachi in Kali-yuga to start the sankirtana movement."
(8) From the Ananta-samhita:
ya eva bhagavan krsno
srsty adau sa jagan–natho
gaura asin mahesvari
"The Supreme Person, Sri Krishna Himself, who is the life of Sri Radharani and is the Lord of the universe in creation, maintenance and annihilation, appears as Gaura, O Mahesvari."
Sri Chaitanya-charitamrta: Adi 3.52
“In the Age of Kali, intelligent persons perform congregational chanting to worship the incarnation of Godhead who constantly sings the name of Krishna. Although His complexion is not blackish, He is Krishna Himself. He is accompanied by His associates, servants, weapons and confidential companions."
This text is from Srimad-Bhagavatam (11.5.32).