sri-mukunda-datta sakha–prabhura samadhyayi
yanhara kirtane nace chaitanya-gosani
sri-mukunda-datta—of the name Sri Mukunda Datta; sakha—another branch; prabhura—of Lord Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu; samadhyayi—class friend; yanhara—whose; kirtane—in sankirtana; nace—dances; chaitanya-gosani—Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
Mukunda Datta, a class friend of Lord Chaitanya's, was another branch of the Chaitanya tree. Lord Chaitanya danced while he sang.
Sri Mukunda Datta was born in the Cattagrama district, in the village of Chanhara, which is under the jurisdiction of the police station named Patiya. This village is situated ten krosas, or about twenty miles, from the home of Pundarika Vidyanidhi. in the Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika (140) it is said:
vraje sthitau gayakau yau
"in Vraja there were two very nice singers named Madhukantha and Madhuvrata. They appeared in chaitanya-lila as Mukunda and Vasudeva Datta, who were singers in the society of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu." When Lord Chaitanya was a student, Mukunda Datta was His class friend, and they frequently engaged in logical arguments. Sometimes Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu would fight with Mukunda Datta, using tricks of logic. This is described in the Chaitanya-bhagavata, Adi-lila, Chapters Eleven and Twelve. When Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu returned from Gaya, Mukunda Datta gave Him pleasure by reciting verses from Srimad-Bhagavatam about Krishna-lila. it was by his endeavor that Gadadhara Pandita Gosvami became a disciple of Pundarika Vidyanidhi, as stated in Sri Chaitanya-bhagavata, Madhya-lila, Chapter Seven. When Mukunda Datta sang in the courtyard of Srivasa Prabhu, Mahaprabhu danced with His singing, and when Lord Chaitanya for twenty-one hours exhibited an ecstatic manifestation known as sata-prahariya, Mukunda Datta inaugurated the function by singing.
Sometimes Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu chastised Mukunda Datta by calling him khadajathiya beta because he attended many functions held by different classes of nondevotees. This is stated in the Chaitanya-bhagavata, Madhya-lila, Chapter Ten. When Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu dressed Himself as the goddess of fortune to dance in the house of Candrasekhara, Mukunda Datta began the first song.
Before disclosing His desire to take the renounced order of life, Lord Chaitanya first went to the house of Mukunda Datta, but at that time Mukunda Datta requested Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu to continue His sankirtana movement for a few days more before taking sannyasa. This is stated in Chaitanya-bhagavata, Madhya-lila Chapter Twenty-six. The information of Lord Chaitanya's accepting the renounced order was made known to Gadadhara Pandita, Candrasekhara Acarya and Mukunda Datta by Nityananda Prabhu, and therefore all of them went to Katwa and arranged for kirtana and all the paraphernalia for Lord Chaitanya's acceptance of sannyasa. After the Lord took sannyasa, they all followed Him, especially Sri Nityananda Prabhu, Gadadhara Prabhu and Govinda, who followed Him all the way to Puruṣottama-kṣetra. in this connection one may refer to Sri Chaitanya-bhagavata, Antya-lila, Chapter Two. in the place known as Jalesvara, Nityananda Prabhu broke the sannyasa rod of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Mukunda Datta was also present at that time. He went every year from Bengal to see Lord Chaitanya at Jagannatha Puri. Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita – 1975 Edition : Cc. Adi-lila : Adi 10: The Trunk, Branches and Sub-branches of the Chaitanya Tree : Adi 10.40
mukunda-dattere kaila danda-parasada
khandila tahara cittera saba avasada
mukunda-dattere—unto Mukunda Datta; kaila—did; danda—punishment; parasada—benediction; khandila—vanquished; tahara—his; cittera—of the mind; saba—all kinds of; avasada—depressions.
Lord Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu blessed Mukunda Datta with punishment and in that way vanquished all his mental depression.
Mukunda Datta was once forbidden to enter the association of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu because of his mixing with the Mayavadi impersonalists. When Lord Chaitanya manifested His maha-prakasa, He called all the devotees one after another and blessed them, while Mukunda Datta stood outside the door. The devotees informed the Lord that Mukunda Datta was waiting outside, but the Lord replied, "i shall not soon be pleased with Mukunda Datta, for he explains devotional service among devotees, but then he goes to Mayavadis to hear from them the Yoga-vasiṣtha-ramayana, which is full of Mayavada philosophy. For this i am greatly displeased with him." Hearing the Lord speak in that way, Mukunda Datta, standing outside, was exceedingly glad that the Lord would at some time be pleased with him, although He was not pleased at that moment. But when the Lord understood that Mukunda Datta was going to give up the association of the Mayavadis for good, He was pleased, and He at once called to see Mukunda. Thus He delivered him from the association of the Mayavadis and gave him the association of pure devotees. Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita – 1975 Edition : Cc. Adi-lila : Adi 17: The Pastimes of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in His Youth : Adi 17.65 :
sange nityananda, candrasekhara acarya
mukunda-datta,–ei tina kaila sarva karya
sange—in His company; nityananda—Nityananda Prabhu; candrasekhara acarya—Candrasekhara Acarya; mukunda-datta—Mukunda Datta; ei tina—these three; kaila—performed; sarva—all; karya—necessary activities.
When Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu accepted sannyasa, three personalities were with Him to perform all the necessary activities. They were Nityananda Prabhu, Candrasekhara Acarya and Mukunda Datta. Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita – 1975 Edition : Cc. Adi-lila : Adi 17: The Pastimes of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in His Youth : Adi 17.273
mukunda datta kahe,–prabhu, tumi yaha age
ami-saba pache yaba, na yaba tomara sange
mukunda datta kahe—the devotee named Mukunda Datta said; prabhu—my Lord; tumi—You; yaha—go; age—in front; ami-saba—all of us; pache—behind; yaba—shall go; na—not; yaba—shall go; tomara sange—with You.
Mukunda Datta told Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, "My Lord, You should go ahead and allow all the others to follow. We shall not go with You." Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita – 1975 Edition : Cc. Madhya-lila : Madhya 5: The Activities of Saksi-gopala : Madhya 5.155 :
mukunda tanhare dekhi' kaila namaskara
tenho alingiya puche prabhura samacara
mukunda—Mukunda Datta; tanhare—him; dekhi'-seeing; kaila—offered; namaskara—obeisances; tenho—he; alingiya—embracing; puche—inquires; prabhura—of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu; samacara—news.
Mukunda Datta offered obeisances unto Gopinatha Acarya upon meeting him. Then the Acarya embraced Mukunda Datta and inquired about news of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita – 1975 Edition : Cc. Madhya-lila : Madhya 6: The Liberation of Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya : Madhya 6.20
mukunda kahe,–prabhura ihan haila agamane
ami-saba asiyachi mahaprabhura sane
mukunda kahe—Mukunda replies; prabhura—of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu; ihan—here; haila—there was; agamane—coming; ami-saba—all of us; asiyachi—have come; mahaprabhura—Chaitanya Mahaprabhu; sane—with.
Mukunda Datta replied, "The Lord has already arrived here. We have come with Him. Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita – 1975 Edition : Cc. Madhya-lila : Madhya 6: The Liberation of Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya : Madhya 6.21 :
mukunda kahe,–'mahaprabhu sannyasa kariya
nilacale aila sange ama-saba lana
mukunda kahe—Mukunda Datta replies; mahaprabhu—Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu; sannyasa kariya—after accepting the renounced order of life; nilacale—to Jagannatha Puri; aila—has come; sange—with Him; ama-saba—all of us; lana—taking.
Mukunda Datta continued, "After accepting the sannyasa order, Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu has come to Jagannatha Puri and has brought all of us with Him. Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita – 1975 Edition : Cc. Madhya-lila : Madhya 6: The Liberation of Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya : Madhya 6.23 :
kahena yadi, punarapi yoga-patta diya
saṁskara kariye uttama-sampradaye aniya'
kahena—says; yadi—if; punarapi—again; yoga-patta diya—offering Him saffron cloth; saṁskara—reformatory process; kariye—i perform; uttama—first-class; sampradaye—to the community; aniya—bringing.
Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya then suggested, "if Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu would like, i could bring Him into a first-class sampradaya by offering Him saffron cloth and performing the reformatory process again."
The Bhattacharya wanted to reinstate Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu into the Sarasvati sampradaya because he did not like the Lord's belonging to the Bharati sampradaya or Puri sampradaya. Actually, he did not know the position of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. As the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu did not depend on an inferior or superior sampradaya. The Supreme Personality of Godhead remains in the supreme position in all circumstances. Sri Chaitanya-charitamrita – 1975 Edition : Cc. Madhya-lila : Madhya 6: The Liberation of Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya : Madhya 6.76 :