I offer my respectful obeisances to Śrī Advaita Ācārya, whose activities are all wonderful. By His mercy, even a foolish person can describe His characteristics.
Śrī Advaita Ācārya is indeed directly the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself. His glories are as fathomless as millions of oceans and seas and beyond the conception of ordinary living beings. Speaking of its measure is a great offense.
The glories of Śrī Advaita Ācārya are boundless, for His sincere vibrations brought about Lord Caitanya’s descent upon this earth.
Śrī Advaita Ācārya induced Lord Krishna to appear:
Advaita Ācārya was a contemporary of Lord Caitanya’s father, having appeared He found the world devoid of devotional service to Śrī Kṛṣṇa and everyone was engaged in material enjoyment, whether sinfully or virtuously. He felt sorry for the condition of the world because even after Lord Kṛṣṇa’s appearance, no one was interested in the transcendental service of the Lord, which can give total relief from the repetition of birth and death. This forgetfulness was so overwhelming that Advaita Prabhu was convinced that no one but Lord Kṛṣṇa Himself could enlighten people about devotional service to the Supreme Lord. Seeing the activities of the world, He felt compassion and began to ponder how He could act for the people’s benefit.
Advaita Ācārya thought: “If Śrī Kṛṣṇa were to appear as an incarnation, He Himself could preach devotion by His personal example. In this Age of Kali there is no religion other than the chanting of the holy name of the Lord, but how in this age will the Lord appear as an incarnation? I shall worship Kṛṣṇa in a purified state of mind. I shall constantly petition Him in humbleness. My name, ‘Advaita,’ will be fitting if I am able to induce Kṛṣṇa to inaugurate the movement of the chanting of the holy name.”
While He was thinking about how to propitiate Kṛṣṇa by worship, the following verse of Gautamīya-tantra came to His mind.
tulasī-dala-mātreṇa jalasya culukena vā
vikrīṇīte svam ātmānaṁ bhaktebhyo bhakta-vatsalaḥ
“Śrī Kṛṣṇa, who is very affectionate towards His devotees, sells Himself to a devotee who offers Him merely a tulasī leaf and a palmful of water.”
Advaita Ācārya considered the meaning of the verse in this way: “Not finding any way to repay the debt He owes to one who offers Him a tulasī leaf and water, Lord Kṛṣṇa thinks, ‘There is no wealth in My possession that is equal to a tulasī leaf and water.’ Thus the Lord liquidates the debt by offering Himself to the devotee.” Considering in this way, the Ācārya began worshiping the Lord.
Thinking of the lotus feet of Śrī Kṛṣṇa, He worshiped Kṛṣṇa (Saligram-sila) with tulasī leaves and water of the Ganges and called for Him in a loud voice. By loud cries He invited Kṛṣṇa to appear, and this repeated invitation attracted Lord Kṛṣṇa to descend. Thus Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu appeared on earth, accompanied by His personal associates.
Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu appeared in this world for three internal and two external reasons.
- To relish the position of Śrīmatī Rādhārāṇī, who is the prime reciprocator of transcendental love of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. The Lord wants to relish the loving mellow in the position of Śrīmatī Rādhārāṇī.
- To understand the transcendental sweetness of Himself, He accepted the mentality of Rādhārāṇī and appeared as Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu.
- Rādhārāṇī feels more transcendental pleasure in the company of Kṛṣṇa than Kṛṣṇa Himself. To enjoy the bliss tasted by Śrīmatī Rādhārāṇī, the Lord appeared.
- To propagate yuga-dharma, the congregational chanting of the holy name of the Lord, nāma-saṅkīrtana.
- Lord Kṛṣṇa appeared, being pleased by Advaita Ācārya’s appeal.